Parent's Guide to the IEP Process: Understanding Your Role

As a parent of a child with autism, you may have heard the term "IEP" thrown around by teachers, therapists, and other professionals. But what exactly is an IEP, and why is it so important for children with autism?

An Individualized Education Program (IEP) is a legally binding document that outlines the specific educational goals, accommodations, and services that your child with autism will receive in school. The IEP is developed by a team of professionals, including teachers, therapists, and other support staff, as well as parents.

In this post, we'll provide a comprehensive guide to the IEP process, including tips and strategies for preparing for and participating in IEP meetings, creating a successful IEP, and following up after the meeting to ensure that your child's needs are being met.

Understanding the IEP Process

The first step in creating a successful IEP is to understand the process itself. The IEP process typically involves the following steps:

  1. Referral and Evaluation: The process begins when a child is referred for special education services. This can be initiated by parents, teachers, or other professionals who work with the child. The child is then evaluated to determine if they meet the eligibility criteria for special education services.

  2. Development of the IEP: Once a child is deemed eligible for special education services, an IEP is developed by a team of professionals, including parents. The team works together to identify the child's strengths and weaknesses, develop specific educational goals, and determine the services and accommodations that will be provided to help the child meet those goals.

  3. Implementation and Monitoring: The IEP is then implemented, and the child's progress is monitored to ensure that they are making progress towards their goals. Changes can be made to the IEP as needed to ensure that the child's needs are being met.

Preparing for the IEP Meeting

Before the IEP meeting, it's important to gather as much information and data about your child as possible. This can include progress reports, test results, and observations from teachers, therapists, and other professionals who work with your child.

It's also important to come prepared with a list of questions and concerns to discuss during the meeting. This can include questions about the goals and services outlined in the IEP, as well as concerns about your child's progress or any behavioral issues they may be experiencing.

The IEP Meeting

During the IEP meeting, you can expect to discuss your child's strengths and weaknesses, educational goals, and the services and accommodations that will be provided to help them meet those goals. It's important to communicate effectively with the other members of the team and be an active participant in the meeting.

Remember that as a parent, you are an important member of the team and your input and perspective are valuable. Don't be afraid to ask questions, share your concerns, and advocate for your child's needs.

Creating a Successful IEP

The key to creating a successful IEP is to focus on specific, measurable, attainable, relevant, and time-bound (SMART) goals for your child. These goals should be based on your child's strengths and weaknesses and should be prioritized based on their level of importance.

In addition to setting goals, it's important to choose appropriate accommodations and services to help your child meet those goals. This can include things like assistive technology, specialized instruction, and behavioral supports.

Follow Up After the IEP Meeting

After the IEP meeting, it is important to monitor your child's progress and make necessary changes to the plan as needed. This can include requesting additional evaluations or services, or modifying existing goals or accommodations. Remember to communicate regularly with your child's teachers and other team members, and to stay involved in your child's education.


Navigating the IEP process can be challenging, but with the right preparation and mindset, it is possible to create a successful plan for your child's education. Remember to gather information and come prepared to the meeting, communicate effectively with the team, and prioritize your child's needs when creating the plan. By following up and staying involved, you can ensure that your child receives the support and resources they need to succeed.

As a parent or caregiver of a child with autism, it's important to remember that you are not alone. There are resources and support available to help you navigate the IEP process and advocate for your child's education. Keep a positive attitude and stay engaged, and you can help your child reach their full potential.

What to do next?

Check out our article: Do Weighted Blankets Help with Autism?

Also check out this IEP meeting book on Amazon. The book is pretty comprehensive and has a rating of 4.6 on 5.

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